Sleeve gastrectomy

Types of Sleeve gastrectomy surgery

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery :

It is one of the most prominent over obesity surgerys, and it is considered a relatively new surgery, as it appeared in 2003, and it is the birth of scientific research results, where seven negative hormones were discovered in the stomach that cause hunger, obesity and diabetes. Hence the idea of cutting this part of the stomach to get rid of these hormones and also reducing the size of the stomach.

The sleeve gastrectomy is done by a surgical endoscope which has made it more safe, without risk or complications and the harmful part of the stomach, which contains negative hormones that affect health and cause hunger, obesity and diabetes, is cut around 5/4 of the stomach’s size and leaves only 5/1. The size of the stomach becomes small, so the patient eats a small amount of food that they feel full for a long period and the patient loses his appetite for food.

The part of the stomach that is cut is the harmful part and the cut is improved and never harmed by human health, and here it must be noted that after a year of surgery the stomach grows a little larger and the body becomes more efficient than the food

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery Features

  • It is carried out by the surgical endoscope, which made it a safe and easy surgery, as it is done with the work of surgical endoscopic devices that work to prevent complications or risks

  • The surgery takes 45 minutes and the patient is recovering within a week, as he leaves the hospital one day after the operation and he is practicing his normal life within a week

  • Helps treat diabetes by 70% because due to the cutting of the part containing harmful hormones in the stomach that negatively affects pancreatic activity

  • The patient’s appetite decreases in direction of food and his appetite becomes very little

  • The patient loses 50% of its increased weight during the first six months, reaching its optimal weight within a year, after which the stomach size is expanded to fit the food volume for the body’s needs

  • The only surgery that maintains the physiology and performance of the digestive system where there is no change in the course of food

  • sleeve gastrectomy surgery decreases weight and thus increases the chance of pregnancy in women, not vice versa, but prefers pregnancy and reproduction after one year of operation

  • The patient uses vitamins and iron for the first six months only as a preventive measure, after which it is discontinued as the volume of the equipment is slightly wider

Other types of Sleeve gastrectomy surgery 

  • Reducing stomach size

  • Cut the stomach

  • Stomach ligation

Because the body needs specific amounts of food to perform its main functions and all that is more than that need causes obesity. Therefore, gastric sleeve depends mainly on that point, so that the stomach’s size is reduced by removing a part of it, which is about 70-80% of its size, leaving a tubular passage similar to the bananas fruit or a small part similar to the Small bowl. This surgery cannot be reversed again and the removed part is reinstalled.

In this way, feeling full will be very fast once eating and the rest of the stomach is filled and you will not be able to eat more. So the amount of food you eat is reduced to just the amount that your body will consume without overrunning, which will help you lose weight significantly

This surgery is classified under the heading of surgical operations for the treatment of obesity and varies and is divided into several types according to the person, his health condition, weight, desire and goal, most months and most successful of these surgical operations are cutting the stomach and leaving a long tube that connects between the esophagus and duodenum

In some other species, the upper part of the stomach is cut and the small intestine is cut and tied to the top of the stomach, thereby reducing the amount of food entering the stomach and body-absorbing stomach by entering undigested food directly into the small intestine immediately after eating it does not absorb and dispense from the body while the amount of food in the stomach and the absorber is reduced In the normal way

In another type, the stomach can also be tied by placing a strap around the top of the stomach to reduce the size of the stomach, which limits the amount of food that gets rolled into the stomach when the food increases, it is normal for the stomach to expanding. However, with this strap, it prevents them from stretching, leaving you full and full, and prevents you from eating more than you need

When the food slowly enters your stomach this will certainly make you feel full, which is based on another technique in which a hole is produced in the middle of the stomach and then the stomach is closed around, and the stomach is tied vertically from the hole in the middle toward the top. The doctor tightens the horizontal part of the esophagus so that the part of the stomach where the esophagus pours the food is small and narrow and the food moves to the bottom in small quantities will inevitably reduce the size of your meal

Sleeve gastrectomy surgery steps :

The surgery usually takes several hours depending on the type and health condition of the patient, at first the method of this surgery is divided into two types: The first natural type is where surgical incision occurs in the abdomen and then cutting the stomach and closing the incision, which is a non-preferred type for all women, because it leaves a large  scar in the place of the incision and needs cosmetic surgery to treat it

The second type: There are very small cracks in the abdomen and then a Surgical endoscope is introduced through which the surgery takes place, and after the end of the surgery those cracks are closed as small wounds, which distinguishes them from the previous type, first from the esthetic point of view, and second from the speed of recovery and recovery from the surgery

The doctor uses a Total anesthesia, and the priority of any doctor is to initially perform the operation by medical speculum, but in certain cases the doctor may have to resort to Surgical incision, the doctor arrives at the stomach and processes its tissues, cuts the part he wants to remove, and then closes the rest of the body. Sometimes the doctor removes the gallbladder to avoid its stones, and at other times the stones are treated with drugs without removing the gallbladder

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